Karnataka Assembly Elections – 2013
Kuruba in Caste Politics of Karnataka
Elections for Karnataka assembly 2013 have since been declared and Caste equations are being worked out. Lingayats and Vokkaliga are two dominant castes in Karnataka. 3rd largest caste of Kuruba’s is also in reckoning with for quite some time in past. Congress is trying to lure Kuruba voters by offering a carrot of Chief Ministership to its tallest leader Siddharamiah. In this background we will analyse the caste polity of Karnataka, the place of Kuruba-Dhangar community in these assembly polls and in the district of Belgaum, along with the Ramdurg Pattern of Rashtriya Samaj Party, founded by Shri Mahadev Jankar, of 2008 Karnataka assembly polls, it contested.
Now it is up to readers to decide…
This article was written on 31st March 2013. Then many changes took place. On 15/04/2013 Shri Arvind Dalwai submitted candidature from JDU from Ramadurg. On 17/04/2013 Smt Surekha Midaknatti submitted candidature from RSP from Ramadurg. On 20/04/2013 Shri Arvind Dalwai requested to withdraw the candidature, accordingly Smt Surekha Midaknatti withdrawn the candidature and declared to support him. On 29/04/2013 Shri Mahadev Janakar National President RSP was on tour to canvas the party candidates of Gulbaraga. Shri Janakar visited Ramadurg and had joint Press Conference supporting Shri Dalwai. On 08/05/2013 Ashok Pattan Congress won from ramadurg defeating BJP nearest rival Mahadevappa Yadavad. Shri Arvind Dalwai stood fourth getting 10343 votes. Karanataka Assembly Ramadurg Pattern of Karnataka moved forward or turned backward is now it is up to readers to decide.
By Sidd-Sagar, Mumbai Dt. 15/05/2013
Karnataka will go to polls on 05th May 2013. Major parties in last election of 2008 were BJP, Congress and JDS, in which BJP came to power. It was its first ever victory in south India and a Lingayat Shri Yediyurappa became the CM, side-lining Shri Anant Kumar, a Brahman.
Yeddi was dethroned on the charges of corruption, and a Vokkaliga Shri Sadanand Gowda was made CM. Later Shri Sadanand Gowda also was made to resign on the insistence of Yeddiyurappa and a Lingayat Shri Jagdish Shettar was given the chair of CM. But a senior Kuruba leader K. Eshwarappa was plainly ignored. Shri Yeddiyurappa, being not satisfied even with it, came out of BJP and formed his own party KJP. Now KJP of Yeddi and BSR Congress of Shriramulu are also in the fray for Karnataka assembly polls of 2013.
We give here below a comparative analysis of performance of various parties during last 2 elections of the assembly
Results of 2004 2008
Name of Party seats %age votes seats %age votes
Congress 65 33.28 80 34.59
BJP 89 28.49 110 33.86
JDS 58 20.59 28 19.11
Others 12 15.64 6 12.44
Total 224 98 224 100
Votes were cast on 25th May in 2008 and will now be cast on 5th may 2013. A lot has happened during this period. Corruption and alliance has become a common issue of all the major established parties and that is not going to be a real issue for these polls. Election commission imposed certain restrictions of code of conduct and the election campaigning is mainly to be done through news papers and debates on cable and Television. Voters and the various agencies and organizations are being paid bribes and incentives in the process, but the Election Commission seems unable to stop it. Money and elections are now mutually interdependent things. Elections are contested and won by the power of Mafia and Money. The root cause of corruption in the country is the use of money in elections. It remains a Himalayan question as to how the corruption can be eradicated without eliminating this root cause.
As we go on to anlyse the caste percentage in Karnataka we find that – Lingayat population is 18%, Vokkaligas are 8%, Kurubas are 12%, Muslims are 11%, Scheduled Castes are 15% and other castes form 36% of the total population.
Caste factor is considered to be important in electoral politics. But the reality is that only the organized and powerful castes play an effective role in the politics of India and Karnataka as well. Weak and unorganized castes are being pushed and kept away from the centers of power in the democratic system of India. Initially Lingayats only were dominant in the politics of Karnataka. Later Vokkaligas too entered in the race of power and Devegoda could become the Chief Minister and the Prime Minister of India. Dalits and Muslims and their leaders are being used only as vote banks. Kuruba is considered as the 3rd largest caste of Karnataka, after Lingayats and Vokkaligas. Vokkaligas’ presence is mainly in south part of the state, while the Lingayats are in majority in north part and have various divisions of caste of its religious identity as Lingayat. Whereas Kurubas are present in the entire state of Karnataka and could be considered to be the major caste of the state in view of the population. In absence of caste data base on census as it has not been carried out after 1921, it will not be proper to deny the above fact.
Let the case of Kurubas be major or not but it is agreed upon by one and all that it is the 3rd major force to reckon with, in Karnataka, after the already powerful castes of Lingayats and Vokkaliga respectively.
It is now a question as to what is its place in the political power of Karnataka state. The number of legislators of this caste in Karnataka is gradually going on diminishing. There are only 6 MLAs in 2008 whereas there were 14 MLAs earlier. K M Krishnamurthy, Congress- kadur, K Eshwarappa, BJP-Shimoga, Vartur Prakash, Indpenedent –Kolar, Bandappa Kashimpur, JDS-Bidar, Suresh Babu , BJP-Chikkanayakahalli and Siddharamaiah, Congress –Varuna are the 6 MLAs. Prominent Kuruba leader and Ex-Minister Shri H M Revanna was got defeated on Bangaluru seat. Shri H Vishwanath of Congress was elected as MP by defeating Kuruba MP Shri Vijay Shankar of BJP. Political struggle of Shri Siddharamaiah is known to all. Tickets to Virupakshappa the sitting MP from Koppal, and Shri Amar Singh Patil , the Ex-MP from Belgaum were denied by the congress. Late Vilasrao Deshmukh was observer for Karnataka for 2004 Lok- Sabha elections while Shri Prithvieraj Chavan was observer for Karnataka during 2009 Lok Sabha election. Shri Patangrao Kadam was Congress in charge of Belgaum assembly election in 2008. That is the polity of Congress. Shri Siddharamaiah is in the race of Chief Minister, this time, and it has to seen if Congress makes him Chief Minister.
This is the back ground in which we take a stock of the political power game in the Ramdurg Taluka of Belgaum district.
The ‘Ramdurg Pattern’ of Rashtriya Samaj Party…
Belgaum district has 18 assembly constituencies in it and in all of them kuruba community is in majority. Late Vasantao Patil, popularly known as Baukud God, was a prominent figure in the political circles of Belgaum district and Karnataka state. But by making the Belgaum Lok Sabha seat and Raibaug and Kuduchi assembly seats as reserved seats, doors of power were closed for him through democratic process, in a quite similar way as has been done in Maharashtra at Dhangar dominant Pandharpur Lok Sabha seat.
Congress did not field a single candidate from Kuruba community in 2008 polls. Vivek Patil from ararabi was the sole candidate fielded by the BJP. An Ex-MLA Shri Ramesh Kuduchi was fielded by JDS when Congress denied him a ticket from north Belgaum and was defeated by his own disciple FiroZ Seth. Laxman Chingle, the ex- president of Karnataka Kurubar sangh, wanted to contest from Nipani on Congress ticket but could not get a chance against the candidature of Kakasaheb Patil. Vivek Patil of BJP was defeated by Bhalchandra Jaarkiholi of JDS and Veeranna kaujalgi of Congress was pushed to 3rd position on Arbabi seat. Later on Bhalchandra Jaarkiholi joined BJP and became a Minister and resigned from Arbabi. Midterm poll was held in Arbabi in December 2008. Now Vivek Patil contested on Congress ticket and Bhalchandra Jaarkiholi was candidate of BJP. Shri Arvind Dalvai , a Kuruba, was the candidate from JDS , who entered the fray after resigning from the Government service. Thus the contest on Arbavii was between two Kurubas and one valmiki. Bhalchandra Jaarkiholi retained his ministry by winning the mid-term poll for BJP.
Amarsingh Patil was elected MP only once and could not win a second term. Vivek Patil was brought to Arbabi seat of Gokak district, leaving Chikkodi-Raibaug-Kuduchi seats. Kuruba community is thus being purposely deprived of the political representation in Belgaum. BJP and JDS fielded one candidate each, and Congress did not field a single one in the 18 seats of MLAs in Belgaum district where Kuruba community is in majority and as result not a single person from Kuruba community could reach the assembly of Karnataka from Belgaum. Belgaum has proved to be the best example of the status of the Kuruba community in the polity of the Karnataka state.
“Ramdurg pattern” of RSP ….
Belgaum district – Total seats of MLA – 18
Election of 2008 held on 25/05/2008
Party Candidate votes secured
Congress Ashok Pattan 49158
BJP Mahadev Yadawad 48741
JDS Hirereddy 3523
RSP Surekha B Midkanatty 2283
BSP Shankar Munvali 1187
Independent Dr Kulgod 1955
Independent Basappa Yergatty 650
Independent Mahantesh Desai 520
Independent Ningappa Maadar 497
Total Villages - 134
Total polling centers - 166
Total Votes cast - 108762
On this background we could see a different aspect of political mathematics in Ramdurg constituency. There were 9 contestants in the fray and 3 candidates of established parties Congress, BJP and JDS were Lingayats. The contest was mainly between four strong parties Congress, BJP, JDS and BSP. Dr Kulgod was also a local strong contestant. All these five parties/contestants spent hugely and campaigned heavily. Kum. Mayavati paid a visit and the atmosphere was charged In favour of BSP. Kuruba is the second largest community (> 40000 voters) in Ramdurg. Smt Surekha Birappa Midakanatty, of Em-Chandargi village, contested on Cup-Plate symbol of Rashtriya Samaj party. She could not reach out to every village only once for campaigning, owing to the limited resources and paucity of funds.
No political party who talk of empowerment of women and 33% reservation to them, gave ticket to any woman in any of the constituency out of 18 In Belgaum. It was a revolutionary step taken forward by the Rashtriya Samaj Party. Smt Midakanatty was a message to the womenfolk of the deprived classes that they also have a right to sit in the assembly. She was received with surprise and awe by the women of elite castes like that of Lingayats in the villages. A revolution was clearly visible but no notice of it was taken by the media, though it was being acknowledged by the village people, as it seems. It was evidently clear from the results of the polls. An ex-MLA, Shri Hirereddy, who was candidate of JDS, the party carrying a legacy of being in power with a prime minister and a chief minister, could fetch only 3500 votes. The candidate of BSP, the party of a larger social image in the country, could earn only 1187 votes. A strong and wealthy candidate like Dr Kulgod could get only 1955 votes. A women, that too of a deprived caste of Kurubas, without resources and legacy, succeded to fetch 2283 votes was a noticeable feet indeed. It is unfortunate that no political analyst or the journalist has paid heed to this fact and it is still more unfortunate that neither the Kuruba community has taken notice as yet.
Elections are going to be held on 5th May 2013 in Karnataka. Two large meetings were held in Belgaum in past two years on 20 January 2012 and 22 January 2013 respectively, to discuss the political participation of Kuruba community and voices were raised against all the political parties against the discriminatory practices adopted by these parties towards Kurubas. In both these meetings National President of RSP Shri Mahadev Jankar was present and his role in social awakening and organizational activities was hugely applauded by one and all. He and his associates are continuously paying visits to Nandgad-Sangoli-Kittur and are organizing coronation ceremony of great freedom fighter Sangoli Rayanna and are spreading the message of Rayanna that It is our birth-right too, to rule over India. The candidature of Smt Surekha Midanakatty is a natural culmination of this activity of the RSP and its visionary president Shri Mahadevraoji Jankar.
RSP contested on 4 seats in 2008 and the votes secured by its
candidates were as below...
Smt Surekha Midankatty Ramdurg 2283 Kurubar
Smt Mayavati Kokate Aaland 2412 SC
Sayabanna Auty Afzalpur 1706 Lingayat
Bheemanna Pujari Indi 1101 Kurubar
As Kuraba there are many castes, tribes, communities and minorities which have been not represented adequately in Karnataka and in India. Rashtriya Samaj Paksha is nationally “Ragistered Unrecognised Party” founded on 29th August 2003. RSP is basically Party of all Nationalists. And as a party Socialist, RSP is party of all politically & socially deprived national communities. Shri Mahadev Jankar is the Founder National president of RSP. Borned on 19th April 1968 and at the age 20, he took pledge that, “I will remain unmarried, will not make money or wealth for myself during my life time and shall strive hard to take Rashtriya Samaj to Political Power.” Thus RSP is the Party having Leader with VISION, DEDICATION, SACRIFICE, DEVOTION and COMMITMENT. Mr. Jankar gave the power charging, one and unique nomenclature to all deprived Community i.e. RASHTRIYA SAMAJ-NATIONAL COMMUNITY. Mahadeo Jankar is emerging as national leader and RSP is emerging as a political force.
Mahadeo Jankar had posed a serious challenge to NCP’s President Sharad Pawar by contesting against him from Loksabha Constituency of Madha in 2009 and was able to get 1 lakh votes. RSP contested 2004 Loksabha elections first. RSP contested all these elections independently without getting or taking any support from outside.It contested 2004 Loksabha 12 seats from Maharashtra and 1 from Karnataka. In 2004 it contested for Bidar Loksabha and Bidar Assembly. In 2007 it contested Ramdurga and Aland Assembly seats from Karnataka. In 2004 RSP contested 38 Assembly seats in Maharashtra. In 2009 RSP contested 29 Loksabha seats in Maharashtra, 2 in Assam and 1 each from Karnataka and Gujarat. In 2009 our party contested 26 Maharashtra Assembly and won 1 seat. RSP won 1 Z.P. and 3 Taluka Panchayat seats in recently held elections from Maharashtra.
Arvind Dalwai who got deafeated in Arbavi – Gokak this time wants to contest from Ramadurg form JDS. Young Arvind Dalwai who had left KAS service and started politics from JDS has been refused. Mahadev Janakar National President RSP requested Mr. Dalwai to contest from RSP. Not also that but he urged to take charge of leadership of Karnataka RSP and be a leader of Karnataka. Ramadurg Pattern of Karnataka has been unique direction in the mid of corrupt politics of India. 2283 Votes to Smt Surekha Midaknatti indicates that VOTE can defeat NOTES. In the coming election of Karanataka Assembly Ramadurg Pattern of Karnataka will move forward or turn backward is in the hands of Voter Ramadurg and Mr. Arvind Dalwai.
By Sidd-Sagar, Mumbai